They are part of the ship building industry, the power industry, and multiple other industries requiring constructed facilities. Civil engineering is a particularly exciting profession, because those that work in this field can see the results of their work: a completed bridge, a high-rise building, a subway station, or a hydroelectric dam.
Civil Engineering Systems
The civil world is extremely diverse. It follows, therefore, that civil engineers have particularly varied career options. This means that the answer to the question, What does a civil engineer do?
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Regardless of their chosen sub-discipline, however, there are some common tasks that most civil engineers will undertake on a daily basis. Civil engineers are often responsible for large teams that are involved in project design, planning, and construction processes. This requires that they regularly meet, collaborate with, and manage these team members, composed of surveyors , construction managers , architects , landscape architects , and urban planners.
In addition, they themselves will spend significant amounts of time designing and planning projects and presenting proposals, needs assessments, budgets, and amendments to clients. The specific activities of a civil engineer change from subfield to subfield and, as described below, the career is composed of a wide spectrum of sub-disciplines:. Architectural Engineering Architecture is the design of buildings and structures with an emphasis on aesthetics.
Architectural engineering combines building design and aesthetics with a focus on sustainable construction and functionality. This broad discipline is a mix of many other disciplines and it tends to vary from country to country. Architectural engineers have both structural knowledge and creative awareness and skills. Graduates in this area may specialize in one aspect of commercial building design, such as heating, ventilation, fire protection, electrical, or acoustics.
Supervision of the construction process is another fundamental skill that architectural engineers develop. They plan construction activities, supervise structural elements, and perform building inspections upon project completion.
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They work very closely with architects, architectural engineers, and engineering technicians on building design and on-site problem solving. They are also responsible for compiling reports which detail project feasibility and cost estimates. Computer Aided Design CAD is common in this discipline, although not to the same extent as in structural engineering. Construction engineers are called upon to apply both project management skills and mathematical expertise to their work. Some may specialize in residential projects, skyscrapers, bridges, industrial warehouses, or other specific types of infrastructure.
While demand for these specialists is driven by the health of the construction industry where they seek to be employed, their unique skill set generally means that they are highly sought after in most countries.
Earthquake Engineering Earthquake engineering is a specialised field in geotechnical engineering. It is a small niche that provides opportunities in a limited number of countries susceptible to earthquakes. They identify areas that are at risk of earthquakes and use design and construction techniques to strengthen buildings. They also perform simulation and failure mode analysis to design structural elements that can withstand exposure to earthquakes without sustaining major structural damage.
Ecological Engineering Ecology is about the interaction between organisms and their environment, called ecosystems.
Ecological engineering is a specialized field of environmental engineering that is about the construction and maintenance of these ecosystems. Engineers in this discipline can focus on either natural ecosystem maintenance or the construction of artificial ecosystems. A tropical rainforest is an example of a natural ecosystem, one that possesses a greater diversity of plant and animal life than any other type of ecosystem.
Environmental Engineering The emphasis of this branch of civil engineering is maintaining the quality of air, water, and land through sustainable practice and methods. Environmental engineers create plans to protect and improve the environment; that is everything created by nature: air, water, flora, and fauna.
They implement strategies to deal with pollution, waste management, and noise levels.
They conduct case studies and then determine ways to prevent natural disasters and pollution. Much of their work is conducted in an office and is focused on data and statistical analysis. These engineers rarely use design or simulation software. They must understand complex environmental laws and related ethical and social issues. Environmental engineers are sought after to lead government projects administered by parks departments. Private companies may enlist the services of these specialists if their activities have the potential of exerting an adverse effect on the natural environment.
Environmental engineers may also be employed as consultants or as researchers at universities. Fire Protection Engineering This is another specialized field of environmental engineering. Fire protection engineering relates to all factors that affect the safety of humans in the event of a fire. Fire safety or fire protection engineers develop plans and identify tactics for reducing smoke and fire damage in houses, commercial buildings, and cities at large.
They liaise with architects and builders throughout the design phase of a building, and pay particular attention to alarm systems, stairwells, insulation, and ventilation. These engineers are typically employed or contracted by construction and development companies. They may become inspectors, who determine the causes and ways to prevent fires. Geotechnical Engineering Geology comprises the dynamic and physical history of the earth, including rocks, minerals, and elements it is made of. Geotechnical engineering is the practical application of geology.
What does a Civil Engineer do?
Engineers in this field understand construction materials and techniques. They investigate the quality of land and how structures can be constructed within and upon it. They use their knowledge and understanding of earth materials to determine the appropriate supports and foundations needed for massive structures. This process begins with a feasibility study of a site by testing for soil quality, ground slope, and rock features.
They design foundations and put measures in place to mitigate the effects of natural hazards such as earthquakes. Geotechnical engineers must consider sustainable practices when investigating and planning any construction. They often work for mining and petroleum companies and tend to have a broad skill set that includes economic and project management. Highlights: configurable for each project. Allows quick work cycles.
Civil Engineering Systems
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